The Holographic Theory
The Holographic Theory
The holographic theory of the universe was discovered in 1968 by Gabriel Veneziano and M. Suzuki when they, by pure luck, stumbled upon a formula written by Mathematician Leonard Euler. The formula exhibited the features of a string. However, it did not draw much attention then, much less acceptance because it entailed a definition of the Cosmos that required 26 space-time dimensions. At that time, this was unthinkable.
But it made its comeback in the mid-1980s by proposing that the ultimate foundations of the Cosmos are no longer point particles but one-dimensional filament of vibrating energy called string
s, the length of which is equivalent to that of the Planck scale, a hundred billion tiimes smaller than one atomic nucleus. Whereas interactions of point-like particles do not happen, in string theory, interactions can happen. As the theory goes, a string can vibrate at varying levels of frequencies and vibrational patterns from one region of space to another and through time (David McMahon, 2013; Brian Greene, 1999).
Then came its extension, the M theory.
Physicists discovered that strings have companion elements called branes (or membranes), which scientists now consider to be on “an equal footing” with strings (Peter West, 2012). Said to abound in the Cosmos, they continually collide with each other puffing off light that signals the creation of new and parallel universes (Tom Siegfried, 2016). Like all
the other subatomic particles, the branes, in their continuing motion, tend to collide with each other, in the process either to annihilating each other or create new universes.
These brane collisions may have produced a muffled sound, similar to the
a popping of a balloon or something akin to the sound produced by the meeting of the male and female waters in the ancient Sumerian creation belief. According to this view, the Big Bang happened when two of these branes collided with each other, creating a new universe in the Cosmos. At the moment of the collision, the four physical forces—gravity, electromagnetic, weak, and strong nuclear forces—were said to have been already interacting with each other at varying degrees of intensity.
In fact, the M theory infers that from the very beginning, gravity must have already been embedded, together with the other forces of physics. Gravity from other universes must have dripped into our space-time dimension.
This idea is quite revolutionary. We are no longer living alone in the universe. There are, according to this view, not only one but several universes, a concept now known as Multiverse, to distinguish it from Universe. Physicists even maintain that there could be an infinite number of universes parallel to ours that could be inhabited by higher forms of intelligence with highly advanced civilizations.
The mathematical equations say there could be millions of them out there. Even at only 0.05 percent of one million, it's still 500 extraterrestrial planets in our vast universe with their own Solar system. This is no longer the stuff of science fiction, the likes of Buck Rogers, Star Trek, the Matrix, or Space Odyssey. Science is now directing its technologies to visiting these other universes, re-engineering our DNA, and restructuring our molecules to prepare us for extraterrestrial living.
This is why quantum physics is promising and inspiring. The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA), the military, and the enterprising are now cashing in to explore the world out there, sending our astronauts and satellites to colonize and populate the universe. Again, we are all dealing with speculations and dreams. But it is because of these dreams of ours that we've gone so far ahead now. Among scientists there is a strong belief that we can enter into the other realms through wormholes, black holes, dark matter, and dark energy. For these scientists, galactic travel is theoretically possible with the appropriate galactic ships, which are now in fact being produced, tested, and perfected.
First implied by Einstein’s theory of general relativity, wormholes are like tunnels between two places in the Universe. In theory, if you fall on one side of a wormhole, you’d appear on the other side almost instantaneously, even if it happens to be on the exact opposite side of the Universe. Wormholes are entrances that allow us to travel from one country to another without the need for passports and visas. But, more than that, they’re also portals between two or more universes.
As Carl Sagan once said, "You might emerge somewhere else in space, some when-else in time." If this is so, then, wormholes can also serve as tunnels or passages that connect the physical, mental, psychic, and Consciousness realms and through which we can travel from one dimension to another.
M theory’s explanation of how our universe came to be is still new. Nonetheless, it is very insightful, since it takes us back to the moment before the
Fiery Big Bang and allows us to explore other dimensions of the Cosmos. M theory points to an idea that our universe is just one bubble among other universes. Our universe is just one membrane within a much larger membrane constituting the entire Cosmos.
Physicists liken the entire Cosmos to an onion consisting of several layers lying on top of each other or to a loaf of bread sliced into several pieces, each of which represents one universe. If this is indeed true, it suggests that there are indeed other realms beyond our physical dimension of time, space, matter, and energy.