Technology Issues


1. “Biotechnology.” United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: Division for Sustainable Development.  

2. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz. 2005. “Biotechnology and Indigenous People.”

3.  Goodman, David, Bernardo Sorj & John Wilkinson. 1987. From Farming to Biotechnology. N.Y.: Basil Blackwell Ltd.

4.  Juma, Calestous. 1989. The Gene Hunters: Biotechnology and the Scramble for Seeds. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

5.  Lappé, Marc and Britt Bailey. 1998. Against the Grain: Biotechnology and the Corporate Takeover of Your Food. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press.

6. Chee Yoke Heong and Chee Yoke Ling. 2004. “The Economics of Biotech.”
Source: Third World Resurgence (No. 159-160) Nov/Dec 2003. Posting date: June 15, 2004.

7.  Miguel A. Altieri. 2005. “The Myths of Agricultural Biotechnology: some ethical questions.” Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley. Publication date: August 19, 2005. Posting date: August 19, 2005.

8. Rifkin, Jeremy. 1998. Harnessing the Gene and Remaking the World: The Biotech Century. New York: Penguin Putnam Inc.

9. Lim Li Ching. 2005. “European Communities – Measures Affecting the Approval and Marketing of Biotech Products.” Source: Third World Network. Publication date: July 20, 2005. Posting date: July 20, 2005.

10. “What are Genetically Modified (GM) Foods?” Human_Genome/elsi/gmfood.shtml.

11. Shiva, Vandana. 2003. “Genetically Engineered Foods Should Not Be Produced.” In Cothran, supra. Pp. 68-76.

12.  Economist, “Genetically Engineered Foods Should Be Produced.” In Cothran, Helen. 2003. supra. pp. 60-67.

13. Nottingham, Stephen. 1998. Eat Your Genes: How Genetically Modified Food is Entering Our Diet. London and New York: Zed Books Ltd.

14. “Agriculture/Organisms.”

15.  Chee Yoke Heong. 2005. “Governments form GM-free zones, ban GMOs.” Source: Third World Resurgence No. 176 Apr 2005. Publication date: April 01, 2005. Posting date: July 06, 2005.

16. “Weapons Technology.” New Scientist Tech. tech/weapons.

17. “Nanotechnology.” New Scientist Tech. 2006. tech/nanotechnology.

18. “Agricultural Biotechnology and Rural Development.” 1999. See also

19. “Biotechnology in the Global Economy.” 2-3 September, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA.


Indigenous Technology

1. “Using Indigenous Knowledge in Sustainable Development.” personal/t/thtieten/know-can.html.

2. Suman Sahai. “Indigenous Knowledge is Technology: It Confers Rights on Communities.”

3. Gupta Anil K and Ura Karma. Blending Cultural Values, Indigenous Technology and Environment: The Experience of Bhutan.

4. “Indigenous Knowledge Systems.”

5. Joseph G.M. Massaquoi. “Indigenous technology for off-farm rural activities.”



1. Miguel A. Altieri, Peter Rosset, Lori Ann Thrupp. 2005. “The Potential of Agroecology to Combat Hunger in the Developing World.”

2. Miguel A. Altieri. “Agroecology: principles and strategies for designing sustainable farming systems.” University of California, Berkeley.

3. “Lessons from the Green Revolution: Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger?” March/April 2000.


Organic Farming:

1. Emily Birr. 2006. “Organic Food Fights.” Compiled for Newshour Extra.

2. Susan S. Lang. 2005. “Organic farming produces same yields but uses less energy and no pesticides.” Cornell University Publication.

3. Lim Li Ching. 2004. “Organic Agriculture Fights Back.” (ISIS/TWN).

4. Dimbleby, Jonathan. 2003. “Organic Farming Protects the Environment and Sustains Human Life.” In Cothran, 2003, supra. Pp. 77-83.

System of Rice Intensification (SRI):

Henri de Laulanie. 1993. “Technical Presentation of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI), Based on Katayama’s Tillering Model.” Journal Tropicultura. Brussels. Available in PDF format.

Willem A. Stoop. 2003.” The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) from Madagascar.”

Normal Uphoff. “Question and Answer About the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for Raising the Productivity of Land, Labor, and Water.” Available in PDF format.

Normal Uphoff. “Agroecological Implications of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Madagascar.” Environment, Development and SustainabilityVolume 1, Numbers 3-4 / September, 1999 vg37m54225284510/?p=31a9a2fe3be7463e866dfe0 f54b07ac4&pi=8.

Christopher B. Barrett, Christine M. Moser, Joeli Barison, and Oloro V. McHugh. 2003. “Better Technology, Better Plots or Better Farmers?: Identifying Changes in Productivity and Risk Among Malagasy Rice Farmers.” Prepared for presentation at the annual meetings of the American Agricultural Economics Association, July 27-30, 2003. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Norman Uphoff, Erick Fernandez, Yuan Longping, Peng Jiming, Sebastien Rafaralahy, and Justin Rabenandrasana. 2002. “Assessment of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI).”

Sustainable Agriculture:

Lim Li Ching. 2004. “Sustainable Agriculture is Productive!” ISIS/TWN.

Reijntjes, Coen, Bertsus Haverkort, and Ann Waters-Bayer. 1995. Farming for the Future: An Introduction to Low-External-Output and Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA). London: MacMillan.

The following materials are available in print, diskette, or compact disks. Contact Persons: PAMELA G. FERNANDEZ (Associate Professor) or MA. FATIMA O. MERCADO (Assistant Professor), Seed Science and Technology Division, Department of Agronomy, UPLB, College, Laguna 4031, Tel. No.: (049) 536-2217/2466/2468, Fax No.: (049) 536-2468, E-mail:


  1. Agroforestry Seeds. Sustainable Agriculture Newsletter (SAN) 2(3), 1990.  36 p. Supplement on Agroforestry Seed Sources; Index on Agroforestry Species. A collaborative effort of CUSO, IDRC, IIRR, SIBAT, UPLB through AFSICH and CADI. Includes topics on farm level technologies on various aspects of seed production and handling, a list of resource persons in sustainable agriculture, a list of agencies/organizations, projects on agrofores­try seed‑related activities, and a supplement on 220 local and international agroforestry seed sources.  (Photocopy only) PhP90.00
  2. Agroforestry Seeds Circular no.1 (1991), no.2 (1992) and no.3 (1993).  Sequel to SAN  (P)
  3. Issue 1, 1991 (10 p.). Includes seed research results, training notes, reader feedback, references and a calendar of activities on seeds, agroforestry and sustainable agriculture. The supplement (26 p.) lists scientific names, common names and seed sources of 276 Philippine agroforestry species; also contains an index of Philippine agroforestry seed sources. (Photocopy only) PhP80.00
  4. Issue 2, 1992 (24 p.). Features an NGO‑farmer based seed collection and reforestation using indigenous species in Mindanao, Philippines; includes topics or short articles on quality of seeds from various sources, upgrading seed quali­ty through invigoration, pests and diseases in agroforestry, seed‑related matters in multipurpose cover crops and green manure species, training notes, tips on handling seeds for transport; also includes reader feedback, useful references and calendar of activities on seeds, agroforestry and sustainable agriculture. The supplement (43 p.) lists 385 agroforestry species in the Philippines with their official name, common names, seed sources and uses; also includes index of Philippine agrofor­estry seed sources. (P) PhP60.00
  5. Issue 3, 1993 (60 p.). Features an article on entrusting seed production to farmers; also in­cludes topics or articles on seed germination of indigenous Philippine trees, seeds and fruit as medicine, recalcitrant seeds and intermediates, training and network notes, agroforestry seed procurement tips, endangered Philippine forestry and agroforestry species, species identification, and reader feedback of previous issues; also includes useful references and a calendar of activities on seeds, agroforestry and sustainable agriculture. The supplement (24 p.) lists agroforestry species in the Philippines classified according to family and provided with common names, scientific name and growth requirements; also includes index of Philippine agroforestry seed sources. (P) PhP60.00
  6. Agroforestry Technology Information Kit (ATIK). 1 set (6 booklets) (1) Soil and Water Conservation Technologies and Agroforestry Systems, (2) Trees and Their Management, (3) Crops and Cropping Systems, (4) Livestock and Poultry Production, (5) Seeds and Plant Propagation, and (6) Related Agroforestry Livelihood Technologies. (P) PhP600.00
  7. Manwal sa Pagpaparami at Pangangalaga ng Binhi (Manual on Seed Production and Handling). 1992. Joint publication of the Department of Agronomy, UP Los Baños and International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR), Silang, Cavite, Philippines. 34 p. (available only in Tagalog/Filipino; richly illustrated; based on sustainable agriculture framework; translation to appropriate languages, especially by NGOs or POs, is welcome).  (P) A revised edition is in progress.  (Photocopy only) PhP60.00
  8. Seeds and Plant Propagation. 1992. Agroforestry Technology Information Kit No. 5. IIRR, Silang, Cavite, Philippines.  106 p.  This is a revision of a portion of the ATIK (published in 1989 by IIRR, Ford Foundation, and DENR in cooperation with UPLB) and of the Agroforestry Seeds Handling, 1990 (AFSICH, Department of Agronomy, UPLB). (P) PhP60.00
  9. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Sourcebook Philippines with Emphasis on Intellectual Property Rights in Agriculture and Food. UPLB and MODE, Philippines. 1994.  173 p.  This is a compilation of materials that were presented during a conference on IPR issues in GATT, held in August 1994. Scientists, farmers, NGOs and government came together during the conference to exchange views on how IPRs on life will affect Philippine society. The papers included discussions on problems created by the current push to patent life from all sorts of angles: legislative, transnational corporations and trade, research, seed conservation, ethics, and international perspectives. It illustrates the hot debate going on in the Philippines. (P) PhP250.00
  10. Compendium on Sustainable Agriculture: Perspectives and strategies of advocates and practitioners in the Philippines. DAR-UNDP SARDIC, 2000.  Fernandez, P.G. (ed) 224 p. (P) PhP 150.00 ( CD-Modified version) PhP 200.00
  11. Seed Related Databases  & Glossary of terms related to agroforestry, seeds, development, genetic conservation, indigenous knowledge system, seed production handling technology, sustainable agriculture, genetic engineering and related fields/issues. Revised 2001.  232 p. (CD) PhP200.00
  12. Professorial Lectures (P.G. Fernandez)
  13. Alternative seed training and education for sustainable agriculture, 1999.  230 p. (CD) PhP200.00
  14. Organic seed: Implications for sustainable agriculture, 2001. 172 p. (CD)  PhP200.00
  15. Local Seed Systems for Genetic Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture Sourcebook by P.G. Fernandez, A.L. Aquino, L.E.P. de Guzman, M.F.O. Mercado (eds.) 2002. Sponsored by International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movement (IFOAM Germany), Foundation for the Philippine Environment (FPE Philippines) and Kaisampalad, Inc.,  Philippines.  This sourcebook is an off-shoot of the National Congress on Local Seed Systems for Genetic Conservation and Sustainable Agriculture held in Cebu, Negros Oriental and Occidental on 17-26 April 2001 organized by the University of the Philippines Los Baños-College of Agriculture (Seed Science and Technology Division, Department of Agronomy), Mag-uugmad Foundation, Inc. (MFI) and Magsasaka at Siyentipiko para sa Pag-unlad ng Pagsasaka (MASIPAG). (P) PhP1,000.00 (CD) PhP400.00
  16. The Case for A GM-Free Sustainable World.  Independent Science Panel. Drafted by Mae-Wan Ho and Lim Li Ching with contributions from J. Cummins, M. Hooper, M. Altieri, P. Rosset, A. Pusztai, S. Ewen, M. Pimbert, P. Saunders. E. Goldsmith, D. Quist, E. Novotny, V. Howard, B. John and others on the panel. 15 June 2003. London. (P) PhP150.00
  17. Likas Kayang Pagsasaka.  Mga Katangian at Pamamaraan. University of the Philippines Los Baños, Department of Agronomy and Assissi Development Foundation, Inc. (P) (Photocopy only) PhP150.00
  18. Oryza Nirvana? An NGO Review of the International Rice Research Institute in Southeast Asia. A SEARICE Publication by N. Perlas and R. Vellve (Researchers and Authors). (P) (Photocopy only) PhP200.00 (For original copy, please inquire at SEARICE, Manila).